Author Archives: Roy

On Farwerck’s removal from the N.S.B.

The fellow Farwerck investigator who brought me most of the recent new information also ran into some sort of diary combined with some other information sheds a little more light on Farwerck’s removal from the National Socialist Movement. It also shows a bit more about Farwerck’s relationships.

The man we are talking about his Hans Ernst Schneider (1909-1999). He was originally a professor of literature in Germany, but he became a national socialist eventually working for the Ahnenerbe. Between 1940 and 1942 he worked for the SS in Den Haag (The Hague) in the Netherlands. According to Wikipedia: “he was responsible for replacing the staff of universities in German-occupied Netherlands and Belgium with Nazis and collaborators” (1) Apparently he had the same job for the Dutch National Socialist Movement.

The documents that surfaced are some sort of diary of Schneider of his activities between 2 September 1940 and 14 September 1940. Apparently, Farwerck had to report to Schneider if he wanted to publish through ‘his own’ Der Vaderen Erfdeel. Obviously, Schneider has heard of the rumor (or the fact) that Farwerck had been a Freemason.

Farwerck wants to publish two titles, but Schneider wonders if that is a good idea given ‘the circumstances’. He visits Farwerck at home and the two decide to continue with the publication, but without Farwerck’s name.

A few days later Schneider meets “der beste Kenner der Freimaurei in Holland” (‘the best Dutch specialist on the subject of Freemasonry’) to inform about Farwerck. Dahmen von Buchholtz either is not such a big specialist or he didn’t like Farwerck, as the information that Schneider gets is not very accurate to say the least.

Apparently Schneider took Von Buchholz’ word over Farwercks as he starts making plans to sidetrack Farwerck because his position will be a problem on the long run.

The idea is to incorporate Der Vaderen Erfdeel into the newly founded Volksche Werkgemeenschap. Nachenius and his Volksche Wacht can remain independent. In doing this, Farwerck can be lifted from his function in Der Vaderen Erfdeel.

E. Fraenkel-Verkade has an interesting phrase to describe how this went (2):

After Dr. Schneider had apologized to the victim in advance and did not want to exclude personal cooperation with him later, as long as matters were formally settled.

Apparently Schneider had no personal grudge against Farwerck and even seems to have sympathized with him.

Sievers

Perhaps interesting in this regard is Wolfram Heinrich Friedrich Sievers (1905-1948). Sievers and Schneider worked together and Farwerck was in contact with both.

If you see his photo on the German Wikipedia (4) he would probably be working at some craft beer brewery if he were to live today.

Sievers was quite a bit younger than Farwerck (16 years), but they seem to have been alike in some ways. Both were interested in history and the scientific investigation into the past, especially parts of their own cultures. In other ways the two were much different. Sievers was fiercely anti-Semitic from his university days (which costed him his education), Farwerck, as we saw, had other views on the Jews.

Sievers made it to head of Himmler’s the Externsteine-Stiftung  (“Externsteine Foundation”) in 1933 (age 29) and a couple of years later Himmler gave him a high position in the Ahnenerbe after having been the personal secretary of Hermann Wirth (1885-1981). Wirth had helped to found the Ahnenerbe in 1933 (when Sievers was his secretary), but was demoted in 1938 and had to leave in 1939.

Sievers and Farwerck were much interested in the ideas of Wirth, Schneider, in the new Ahnenerbe line, was more than a little critical. Perhaps this was the basis that Farwerck and Sievers corresponded.

According to Martijn Eickhoff (4) Farwerck and Sievers first met in January 1937 in Berlin. Later that year, Farwerck went on a trip to the Externsteine. The trip was organised by the Ahnenerbe were Sievers was secretary, so it seems logical that they met again.

Farwerck and Sievers not only had a working relationship in which they also asked each other advice on things that are not directly related to their functions and they also discussed scientific cooperations, but this was before the war (5). I have not found if Sievers was as friendly towards Farwerck after his unmasking as Schneider.

Fraenkel corroborates what I thought before, Farwerck remained member of the N.S.B. In the words of Fraenkel (6):

He was forbidden to also lay down his membership of the NSB after resigning from his duties, “because the occupying power did not want any spectacular departures”.

That explains why some people have said to have seen Farwerck in N.S.B. suit well after his resignation.


(1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Schwerte (accessed 6/11/2020)

(2) Correspondentie van Mr. M.M. Rost van Tongeren deel I E. Fraenkel-Verkade p. 141/2

(3) “Nadat Dr. Schneider bij voorbaat zijn excuses tegenover het slachtoffer had gemaakt en ook later persoonlijke samenwerking met hem niet uitsluiten wilde, wanneer formeel de zaken maar zuiver geregeld waren.”

(4) https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfram_Sievers (accessed 4/11/2020)

(5) De SS en Nederland (‘The SS and the Netherlands’) A. Fraenckel-Verkade p. 212

(6) “Het was hem verboden, met het neerleggen van zijn functies tevens als lid van de N SB te bedanken, ‘daar de bezettende macht geen opzienbarende uittredingen wenste’ ” ibid. p. 142

Rotterdam

As I have mentioned several times, Franz Farwerck is sometimes said to live in Rotterdam. This question just might be answered by what follows.

The above comes from an online archive of Amsterdam. The date is the date that Franz was written out from Amsterdam with… an address in Rotterdam! I don’t know if your ability to read this is better than mine, but as nowadays Rotterdam has a Goudesingel, my guess is that the above says Goudschesl. Numbers 6-8? Nowadays 1-14 share an entrance and they are located above some shops.

So, Franz moved to Rotterdam age 20. That’s that! Not entirely. The image above comes from a line of the complete Farwerck family, Franz Otto, Struve, Franz and Willy. The other three are written out to the Emmastraat in Hilversum per 1 May 1914.

This is quite remarkable, as we saw Franz Otto was already working on a carpet factory in Hilversum in 1912. Perhaps it took the family a couple of years to adjust the villa to their needs.

There is another thing. Just above the line of the Farwerck family, there is another line which has only Franz and Willy. There is says that at 17 April 1916 Franz moved to Hilversum. Strange that Amsterdam has this registration and they even had it before the move to Rotterdam, but this could mean that Franz has lived in Rotterdam from 1909 until 1916.

Now there is another remarkable thing. Franz Otto has a few addresses listed in Amsterdam and then he apparently moved to Hilversum, but we did see that he had business in Rotterdam together with Anton Kemper. This would have been brown coal and Franz Eduard supposedly was director of a brown coal factory at the age of 20, so it seems likely that this was the reason that he temporarily moved to Rotterdam. Just as with other factories, Franz senior and junior probably managed the factory together.

Here we have the most likely scenario for the fact that Rotterdam is sometimes mentioned in connection to Franz Eduard.

Nieuw Nederland

Amazing, another source for texts by Farwerck has surfaced. Again I didn’t make the discovery myself.

From 1934 to 1944 there was a periodical called “Nieuw Nederland”, or “New Netherlands”. This overlaps Farwerck’s N.S.B. period. The editor of the periodical was R. van Genechten who also wrote quite a few texts. Farwerck contributed only a few. One has also been released have been as separate booklets too.

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Willem Nijs (1902-1961)

A great find from a fellow Farwerck investigator.

Farwerck had al least two ex-libris bookplates, a Masonic one and one that is often called “alchemical”. In the biography I refer to a Facebook post of the Ritman Library who had the “alchemical” ex-libris in an exhibition in 2015 (1). The post says: “The designer of the present bookplate, who signed with the initials ‘W.F.N.’, is unknown (suggestions are welcome).

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August 2020 news

A grandchild of Carl Wilhelm and Johanna sent me two photos, the first photo of C.W. that I saw! I could use them, so I put up the marriage photo of the two on their respective little bios (see links above). The other photo was a family photo that included Franz Otto, the father of Franz Eduard and Carl Wilhelm. This was a reason to also write a little bio of ‘senior‘.

I finally found proof of Farwerck’s Theosophical membership, so I updated the Theosophy article a bit.

I did some further digging into Farwerck’s house which made me have to update the “Who was mrs. Farwerck?” text a bit as well.

Some remarks

Here is an example of Farwerck as Masonic historian. Farwerck published texts in a periodical called Bouwsteenen which was made available by two of his Masonic brothers. Later the subtitle was changed and another editor turned the periodical in a much less Masonic publication. Farwerck contributed but one text to this second version, a reaction to a text written by the new editor himself. Farwerck shows himself a well-read and critical writer.

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Kabbalah and Freemasonry

This is the oldest text of Farwerck that I know. It was published in an internal publication of the Dutch federation of Le Droit Humain in 1922. I only have photos of the text. I tried ‘to OCR’ them online and then threw the text through Google translator. Of course I have made some corrections, but the text won’t be a perfect translation of a century old Dutch text.

Farwerck used quite a few abbreviations. Instead of translating them to English abbreviations I just gave the English terms for most of them. Terms such as “lesser lights” or “Sr. Warden” aren’t that exciting anymore I think.


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Nick Schors (1925-2014)

Another interesting character who somehow crossed the life of Farwerck.

As you can see on the right, Schors owned books previously owned by Farwerck. I know a few such example. Schors’ ex-libris says: “Librairie des Sciences Occultes, W.N. Schors” (‘library of occult sciences’) and his address in Amsterdam.

This is not the only connection between the two, Schors also published a book of Farwerck. That is to say, in 1976, so after Farwerck died, he republished Farwerck’s first book from 1927 with an alternative cover. Schors (re)published more books from the publishers Duwaer and Van Ginkel who published Farwerck’s debut.

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